Advantages and Disadvantages of very tall buildings

The main advantages of very tall buildings are:

 

  1. They save space and accommodate more residents as compared to shorter buildings.
  2. The higher floors are relatively more airy and receive more sunlight.
  3. Taller buildings are a better option for the idea of a green building since they are more lit, airy and provide more surface area to install solar panels.
  4. They are much more economical as buying a small land and constructing a tall building is more affordable than purchasing a widespread land.

The major disadvantages are:

 

  1. The construction of very tall buildings requires highly skilled engineers and architects to design the building, thus increasing the total cost.
  2. Very tall buildings bear wind forces and seismic forces apart from dead and live loads.
  3. Buildings above 100 story height face the problem of oscillation, sometimes resulting in crashing of windowpanes (e.g. the case of 200 Clarendon.)
  4. The foundations of very tall buildings with smaller construction land are under tremendous load and failing of soil may lead to collapse of the building.
  5. Constant oscillations may give a nauseating feeling to the residents of the building.
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