CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDING BASED ON TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION

CLASSIFICATION BASED ON TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION

Building with type 1 construction: – In these building the design and material used const. are such that all structural components have about 4 hours fire resistance.

Buildings with type 2 construction: – In these building the design any type of material used in their construction are such that all structural components have 3 hours fire resistance.

Buildings with type 3 construction: – In these building the design and types of the materials used in their construction are such that all structural components have 3 hours fire resistance.

Buildings with type 4 construction: – In these buildings the design and the type of material used in their construction are such that all structural components have 4 hours fire resistance. PARTS OF A BUILDING

A building can be divided into two parts: –

  1. Sub structure
  2. Super structure
    1. Sub structure: – The part of a building constructed beneath the ground level is known as Sub structure.
    2. Super structure: – The part of the building constructed above ground level is known as super structure. It is second part of a building. All the activities of the building construction take place after the making of sub-structure. Flooring, wall roofing are the example of super structure of a building.
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