A horizontal beam connecting columns (simply supported or shear connected.)
Function: It will transfer the load from secondary beam(if present) to the columns.
A horizontal beam connecting primary beams (simply supported or shear connected.)
Function: It will transfer the load to the primary beam and not directly connected to the columns.
A horizontal beam connecting two rafters in a roof or roof truss.
This beam will transfer the rafter’s load to the column of the structure. Usually used in roof truss.
- Tie beam that ties the foundation at different level may be abbreviated as:
- Plinth beam at Plinth level
- Ground beam at Existing ground level
Their function is to tie the columns and foundation at that particular level.