John Smeaton( 8 June 1724 – 28 October 1792) was a civil engineer built design of bridges, canals, harboursand lighthouses.etc. He is often called the Father of Civil Engineering.Smeaton was born in England.In 1759–1782 he performed a series of further experiments and measurements on water wheels. His paper, “An Experimental Enquiry Concerning the Natural Powers of Water and Wind to Turn Mills and Other Machines Depending on Circular Motion”, showed the direct correlation between pressure and velocity for objects moving in the air.
Smeaton is considered to be the first expert witness to appear in an English court. Because of his expertise in engineering, he was called to testify in court for a case related to the silting-up of the harbour at Wells-next-the-Sea in Norfolk in 1782.He also acted as a consultant on the disastrous 63-year-long New Harbour at Rye, designed to combat the silting of the port of Winchelsea.He is most famous civil engineer in the world.The project is now known informally as “Smeaton’s Harbour.
Benjamin Wright born on October 10, 1770.The American Society of Civil Engineers declared Benjamin Wright the Father of American Civil Engineering. He was the Chief Engineer during the construction of the Erie Canal. Benjamin Wright helped build transportation and canal systems in the United States and served as the chief engineer on the construction of the Erie Canal. Wright’s influence was so widespread that by the mid-1800s almost every civil engineer in the country claimed some connection to him.
At the age of 70 Wright retired but still found time to chair the committee designed to establish the country’s first national engineering society. Wright passed away in New York City in 1842, but in 1969 the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) declared him “The Father of American Civil Engineering.”
One year later, the ASCE and the Connecticut Society of Civil Engineers donated a plaque to mark his birthplace in Wethersfield.
Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvarayya (15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962)popularly known as Sir MV.Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya KCIE, FASc popularly known as Sir MV; 15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962) was an Indian Famous civil engineer, scholar, statesman, and the 19thDiwan of Mysore, who served from 1912 to 1919.
He received India’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955.Career of Executive Engineer, Surat, 1896.Executive engineer for Irrigation, Pune, 1899.Chief engineer and secretary to the government of Mysore, 1909. Board of directors of Tata Steel, 1927–1955.