All you need to know about Indian Railways:
> Indian railway system is the second largest in Asia and the fourth largest in the world.
> It is the biggest departmental public undertaking in the country.
> The first train ran in India between Bombay and Thane for a stretch of 34 km on April 16, 1853.
The Indian railways celebrated its 150th anniversary on April 16, 2003.
> The second train ran between Howrah and Hooghly in 1854.
> The headquaters of railway is in New Delhi (Rail Bhavan).
> The father of Indian Railways: Lord Dalhousie.
> The first electric train in India was ‘Deccan Queen’. It was introduced in 1929 between Bombay and Poona.
> Indian Railways ahs the second biggest largest Electrified system in the world after Russia.
> The fastest train in India is the Bhopal-New Delhi Shatabdi Express whose maximum speed is 140km/hr.
> The total covered is approximately 115,000km.
> The total number of railway stations in India is 7500.
> The longest Railway Platform in India is at Gorakhpur (U.P).
> Mumbai is the destination for a maximum number of trains in India to head for.
> The longest train route is of ‘Vivek Express’ from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.
> The first metro rail was introduced in Kolkatta(West Bengal) on Oct 24, 1984.
> The Indian Railways operate in four different gauges:
Railway guage Distance between Rails
1. Broad Gauge 1.67 m
2. Meter Gauge 1.00 m
3. Narrow Gauge 0.762 m
4. Light Gauge 0.610 m
> The Broad gauge account for nearly 90% route followed by meter gauge (7.9%) and remaining by narrow
and light gauge.
> Indian railways are divided into 17 zones, headed by a General Manager who is responsible to the
Railway Board, for all matters.
> KONKAN RAILWAYS
It is the project to shorten the distance between Maharasthra, Goa and Karnataka. The total
route length is 738 km between Roha station (Maharashtra) and Mangalore (Karnataka).
>Railway Manufacturing Units:
Chittaranjan Locomotive Work: Located in Chittaranjan(W.B) and manufactures electric engines.
Diesel locomotive Work: Located in Varanasi(UP) and manufactures diesel engines.
Integral Coach Factory: Located in Perambur(TN) and manufactures rail coaches.
Wheel and Axle plant: Located at Yelahanka(Karnataka) and manufactures wheels and axles.
Diesel Component Works: Located in Patiala (Punjab) nad manufactures components of diesel engines.
Rail Coach Factory: Located at Kapurthala(Punjab) and manufactures rail coaches.