Tolerance on Placing of Reinforcement
Unless otherwise specified by the Engineer-in-charge, reinforcement shall be placed within the following tolerances:
Tolerance in spacing
a) For effective depth, 200 mm or less + 10 mm
b) For effective depth, more than 200 mm + 15 mm
Cover to Reinforcement :
The cover shall in no case be reduced by more than one third of specified cover or 5mm whichever is less. Unless indicated otherwise on the drawings, clear concrete cover for reinforcement (exclusive of plaster or other decorative finish shall be as follows) :a) At each end of reinforcing bar not less than 25 mm, nor less than twice the diameter of such bar.
a) At each end of reinforcing bar not less than 25 mm, nor less than twice the diameter of such bar.
b) For a longitudinal reinforcing bar not less than 25 mm, nor more than 40 mm, nor less than the diameter of such bar. In the case of column of maximum dimensions of 200mm or under, whose reinforcing bars do not exceed 12mm, a cover of 25mm may be used.
c) For longitudinal reinforcing bar in a bar, not less than 25 mm nor less than the diameter of such bar and.
d) For tensile, compressive, shear, or other reinforcement in a slab, not less than 25mm,nor less than the diameter of such bar and.
e) For any other reinforcement not less than 15mm, nor less than the diameter of such bar.
f) Increased cover thickness may be provided when surfaces of concrete members are exposed to the action of harmful chemicals (as in the case of concrete in contact with earth faces contaminated with such chemicals), acid, vapour, saline, railways) etc. and such increase of cover may be between 15mm and 50 mm beyond the figures given in (a to e) above as may be specified by the Engineer-in-charge.
g) For reinforced concrete members, totally immersed in sea water the cover shall be 40mm, more than specified ( a to e) above.
h) For reinforced concrete members, periodically immersed in sea water or subject to sea spray, the cover of concrete shall be 50 mm more than that specified (a to e) above.
i) For concrete of grade M25 and above, the additional thickness of cover specified in (f),(g) and (h) above a my be reduced to In all such cases the cover should not exceed 75mm.
j) Protection to reinforcement in case of concrete exposed to harmful surroundings may also be given by providing a dense impermeable concrete with approved protective coating as specified on the drawings. In such case, the extra cover, mentioned in (h) and (i) above, may be reduced by the Engineer-in-charge, to those shown on the drawing.
k) The correct cover shall be maintained by cement mortar briquettes or other approved means. Reinforcement for footings, grade beams ad slabs on sub grade shall be supported on precise concrete blocks as approved by the Engineer-in-charge. The use of pebbles or stones shall be permitted.
l) The minimum clear distance between reinforcing bars shall be in accordance with IS 456 or as shown in drawings.