Functional classification of Site Work Inspection

Functional classification of Site Work Inspection

Inspection  activities  and  organizations  are  mainly  concerned with the following four functions:

Acceptance inspection A series of formalized activities and procedures that provide the owner of the structure being built, with an acceptable degree of assurance that the contractor has satisfied his or her obligations to construct in accordance with  the  contract  documents.  The  evaluation  of  tests  performed and of the observation of procedures and practices used in the construction should permit the determination of conformance to prescribed acceptance standards.

Quality-control  inspection contractor Quality control inspection by the contractor is a series of formalized activities  and  procedures  that  are  part  of  the  contractor’s operation, providing in-process evaluation of the quality of construction. This helps to ensure the contractor that the finished construction will meet all requirements of the project plans, drawings, and specifications, and will be accepted by the owner’s representative.

Quality control inspection producer Quality control inspection by the producer is a series of formalized activities and procedures. They are part of the fabricating or manufacturing operation of a producer of concrete materials, reinforcement producer/fabricators, or products, who furnishes to  the  construction  industry  rather  than  only  to  a  specific project. Examples are operations of cement and aggregate producers, ready-mixed concrete producers, precasters, prestressing concrete fabricators, and reinforcing steel mills and fabricators.  Production  inspection  personnel  operate  essentially the same  way  as  those  described  for  the  contractor.They aid in ensuring that finished products will meet general specifications or those specifications relative to a specific project.

Regulatory inspection A series of formalized activities and procedures used by governmental bodies (such as licensing boards and building permit boards), charged with responsibility for enforcing building codes and other regulations. In this case, the inspectors have responsibility for ensuring  that  the  finished  structure  conforms  to  the  requirements of the codes or regulations. The organization and activities of these inspectors are governed almost entirely by legal regulations.

Inspection team

Regardless of classification, an inspection team or group may consist of a number of individuals or, for very small projects, a single individual. Inspection, including testing,may be performed by a variety of groups such as:

Owner’s  inspection  personnel—Qualified  inspection personnel maintained by the owner. Examples would be permanent  or  semipermanent  personnel  of  governmental agencies, or large industries with continuing building programs.

Architect/engineer’s inspection personnel—Inspectors trained, certified, and maintained by a firm for work on projects designed by the firm.

Laboratory’s inspection force Inspection and testing personnel trained, certified, and maintained by a testing laboratory  to  provide  contractual  testing  and  inspection services.

Contractor’s  inspection  force Inspection  personnel trained, certified, and maintained by a contractor to provide  quality-control  (in-process)  inspection  on  projects  it constructs.

Material  manufacturers  and  suppliers  inspection force Inspection (and testing) force trained, certified, and maintained by a concrete material and product manufacturing and fabricating firm for its own in-house use in quality-control (in-process) inspection and testing.