Maintenance of Buildings and Services
Maintenance of Buildings is work undertaken to keep, restore or improve every facility every part of a building,its services to acurrently acceptable standard and to sustain the utility and value of the facility.
The objective of maintenance is:
- To preserve building and services,in good operating condition.
- To restore it back to its original standards, and
- To improve the facilities depending upon the development that is taking place in the building engineering.
Inspite of recent improvements in building technology all the buildings deteriorate from the time they are completed.The rate of deterioration depends upon a number of factors.
During the design and construction stages,the following become essential:
- Right choice of material.
- Suitable construction techniques.
- Adequate specification for construction and installation work.
- Effective supervision throughout construction and rectification of defects.
Where there are inherent defects both in design and construction the maintenance cost rises disproportionately to a higher level and the anticipated life of building is reduced.
Maintenance of Buildings aims at effective and economic means of keeping the building and services fully utilisable.It involves numerous skills as influenced by occupancy and the performance level expected of a building.
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The repair works are classified in under mentioned categories:
- Day today repairs
- Annual repairs
- Special repairs
1.Day to Day Repairs
Day to day repairs are to be carried out by the engineers in all the building under their maintenance on the basic of day to day observation and complaints
2. Annual Repairs
To maintain the aesthetics of building and services as well as to preserve theirlife,some works like white washing,distempering,painting, cleaning of lines, tanks etc. are carried out periodically.These works are planned on year to year basis.
Such works are undertaken to replace the existing parts of building and services which get deteriorated on ageing of buildings.It is necessary to prevent the structure & services from deterioration and restore it back to its original conditions to the extent possible.